What’s The Largest Thing To Ever Live On Earth? DEBUNKED

What’s The Largest Thing To Ever Live On Earth?  DEBUNKED

If I were to ask you what’s the largest thing
to have ever lived on planet earth, most people would say… THE BLUE WHALE OF COURSE! But,
despite popular belief… it’s not! So, what on earth… is or should I say was? I’m Stu, this is Debunked, and we’re here
to sort the truth from the myths and the facts from the misconceptions. Okay, so if the Blue Whale sets the benchmark
by which all other living creatures are measured, it probably makes sense to first establish
just how BIG a Blue Whale can get? The biggest one ever discovered was found
in the Southern Ocean of Antarctica back in 1947. it weighed in at a hefty 190 metric
tons (209.4 US TONS / 418,878 lb), which is the equivalent to 104 standard family
SUVs. It also measured a huge 27.6 meters (90 ft 6 in) long, close to the length of
a short haul airliner (Airbus 318) and its estimated volume was roughly the size
of 7 fuel trucks, at 223 cubic meters (7875 feet3). Remember that for later… What could possibly out-size something this
massive? Well, whales first appeared around 40 million
years ago, so to find out what could possibly top such a titan, it would make sense to take a look at this
prehistoric era of Earth’s history, when great monstrous-sized beasts walked the
planet, plants were the size of VWs and colossal creatures
swam in our oceans. So, let’s start with dinosaurs… or more
accurately Titanosaurs – a group of four legged veggiesaurus’ with
long tails and small heads. The largest of these dinosaurs to have ever
walked the Earth is believed to be the Argentinosaurus. Its discovery in the 1990s stunned paleontologists
the world over, with a length of 35 meters and a weight of
70 metric tons (tonnes / 70,000kg)! Put this next to most people’s common point
of dino sized reference – the T-Rex, and it dwarfs the goat eating carnivore. However the title was hotly contended in 2017
by the discovery of the Patagotitan mayorum. This titanosaur was believed to have a skeleton
10% larger than the Argentinosaurus, but recent weight estimations put it just
shy at 69 tonnes. Both Titanosaurs maybe longer than the whale,
but put the Argentinosaurus and the Patagotitan on a set of scales and
the pair together wouldn’t out weigh our big blue heffer. —- In fact, Whales are so much larger because
they live in the ocean. On land, animals suffer the full effect of
gravity, but for sea based organisms; the water’s buoyancy reduces the strain
on their muscles and skeletons, allowing them to grow to such vast sizes. When something as huge as a blue whale becomes
beached or stranded on land, their muscles can’t support their body weight
out the water and they will basically be crushed to death under their own weight. So with the ocean providing the best environment
for a creature to super-size itself, let’s take a look in to the deep blue, and
more specifically the Cretaceous period to see what competition there would have been… Now anyone who’s witnessed this scene before
will surely think that this prehistoric monster offers some competition for a Blue Whale? That, is a Mosasaur… and THAT is a GREAT WHITE SHARK serving as
an amuse bouche. Now, if this is your average sized Great White
then the Mosasaur would make up the length of about 9 of these sharks. With your average Great White measuring in
at 5.3 meters, that means the Mosasaur measures in at nearly 48 METERS! And this is how our Blue Whale sizes up against
this leviathan! But here’s where Hollywood gets carried away
with itself… Mosasaurs aren’t believed to have grown
any longer than 18 meters, with the largest one to have been excavated
sitting at a modest 15 meters, meaning Jurassic World’s reptile is grotesquely
inaccurate. Anyway that’s enough science fiction, let’s
get back to the science fact. What is the largest creature to have ever
swam in our oceans?, Fortunately, a discovery in 2018 may have the answer. Measuring in at nearly 26 meters, that’s
only just short of our largest blue whale, it’s believed that this giant Ichthyosaur
may have been the largest aquatic reptile ever! However, with its dolphin-like shape, a long
pointy jaw and streamlined body, it’s estimated weight falls far below that of the Whale, meaning the Blue Whale still stands as the
largest animal to have ever swam in our planet’s waters. Let’s leave the wet stuff behind now and
head back to land, where the competition to be crowned largest
living thing is starting to hot up. What stands taller than the largest dinosaurs
and doesn’t suffer the effect of gravity like other living, breathing organisms? The trees… As we travel to the coast of California, we’ll
find the Redwoods National Park, and here you’ll see, Hyperion! Even fantasy doesn’t top this living behemoth,
take a recent incarnation of Godzilla and put it next to the Sequoia, and it stands around 10% taller at a staggering
115.85 meters! And if Godzilla’s not your thing then take
a look at how the Statue Of Liberty sizes up! Yet, height isn’t everything, we’re after
the largest and that doesn’t necessarily mean the tallest, so for that we need to travel
down the coast to meet General Sherman, a 2,100 year old Giant Sequoia. He may stand
at a humble 82.6 meters (271 ft) tall by comparison, but has a whopping volume of 1,487 cubic meters
(52,513 cubic feet), blowing old Bluey out of the water! Because
in fact you could squeeze around 7 blue whales inside this tree. When the General’s root system is taken
in to account it’s believed that this single organism would weigh 1,814 tonnes (4,000,000
lb)! And, as astounding as those stats are, there
was once a tree larger than the General , measuring 1,727 cubic meters, but it was
sadly cut down in the 1940s. However, even with these giants of the forest, believe it or not we’ve still not found
the largest thing to have ever lived on our planet… To find what we’re looking for, we need
to travel to the Blue Mountains Of Eastern Oregon, and here you won’t find the largest living
organism towering over the forest, swimming through the lakes or stomping around
the mountains. Instead, we need to look below our feet. Under
the forest floor of the Malheur National Forest, you’ll find something that you may not have
expected to come out on top in this video. While we’ve been looking at all the relevant
Kingdoms of Life on planet earth, there’s one we’re forgetting… Fungi
(Fun-gee), OR Fungi (Fun-guy) or Fungi (Fun-jei), depending on where you’re from! Here, on the ground, we find the Armillaria
ostoyae, or more commonly known as the Honey Fungus. All that we generally see is the fruiting
body, what we would consider a mushroom or toadstool. But this is often only 10% of a fungus, the
rest of the organism, the vegetative part, is below the earth. To make this concept more familiar, imagine
this as a fruit tree, and you’d see the leaves, branches and stems all below ground with only
the fruit appearing above. This fungus however is no ally to trees. The
Honey Fungus is actually devouring the forest from the ground up. Now most people won’t think of fungi as
tree killers, as they are in fact a cornerstone to the entire
ecosystem of a forest, usually breaking down organic debris like
fallen leaves and transferring essential minerals to the plants. Here, however, the Armillaria ostoyae has
a much more parasitic purpose. It attaches itself to the forest’s conifer
trees and begins to feed off of their roots, killing the tree in the process. Nicknamed the Humongous Fungus, the wealth
of trees in this area has enabled it to spread far and wide, and currently this fungi stretches across
2,200 acres or 8.9 square kilometers (3.4 square miles) below the soil! To put what you are seeing here in to perspective,
that is the equivalent… of around 1,700 NFL football fields, or 36,500
tennis courts. Now, the discovery of the Humongous Fungus
sparked debate as to what constitutes a ‘single living organism’. But it can be succinctly summed up by Biology
Professor Tom Volk… Which is exactly what the Honey Fungus is,
meaning this is indeed a single living organism, just like the Giant Sequoia or the Blue Whale. And it’s not just the extensive area it
covers that makes the Armillaria ostoyae so huge, it’s discoverer James B. Anderson from the
University of Toronto recently surveyed the site, and now estimates that if the entire fungus were dug up out
of the ground and weighed, it would top the scales at 400 tonnes, more
than double the heft of a Blue Whale! But, as with anything at this scale, it brings
with it some controversy. There is another single organism spread over
a vast area that is touting for the same title of Largest Living Organism. Head down to Utah and you’ll find this huge
tree… …nope back out a little… there. This,
is one, tree. Known as the ‘Trembling Giant’ OR ‘Pando’
(Latin for “I, Spread.”) this entire grove of 47,000 Quaking Aspen
trees has grown from a single root system. You see, Aspens find most success in regenerating
‘vegetatively’, meaning sprouting from roots (not from seedlings),
this results in what’s termed a ‘clone’. Just like the Honey Fungus, this forest is
genetically identical and it behaves as one organism. With the changing seasons, the whole forest
changes color and sheds all its leaves in unison. And, most fascinatingly, as an old tree dies
in the clonal grove, signals are sent from the tree out to the network of roots, which then stimulate new growth for the next
generation to replace the old. Now this colony may look substantially more
impressive than the humble honey Fungus, but… we’re only looking at 106 acres. Less than 5%, of the area covered by the Fungus. So surely there’s no competition? Well,
the complications come when weight is included in the criteria. As we’ve learnt the Humongous Fungus weighs
in at 400 tonnes, where as it’s estimated that Pando smashes through that record weighing
a colossal six… thousand tonnes! In fact the ‘United States Department Of
Agriculture’ list the both Pando and the Humongous Fungus as the ‘Largest Organism
On Earth’ So, surely the only way that this can be settled
is to confirm it with the great holders of such titles, over at the Guinness World Records. Well no, the record for ‘Largest Living
Organism’ seems so controversial that even Guiness haven’t yet declared it. According to their records, Pando is confirmed
as the ‘Most Massive Plant’ while the Honey Fungus holds the record for
‘Largest Fungi’. The most common criteria, however, that declares
anything as ‘Largest’ is specified under ‘Area Covered’. And under this, the Humungus Honey Fungus
is the outright winner. Even if you took into account the total estimated
volume of the two contenders then the Armillaria Ostoyae decimates the
Quaking Aspen at more than double its size. Pando is however, believed to hold the slightly
less grandiose record for ‘Largest Known Organism On Earth In Terms
Of Dry-Weight Mass’ as fungi are around 92% water. (Trees=50%
Water) On the other hand, the Humongous Fungus has
increased in size with subsequent surveys, where as, sad but true, Pando is dying. It has substantially reduced over the past
70 years due to human interference. And, it’s thought that within the next 10
to 20 years, up to 80% of the entire grove could collapse. Dr Paul Rogers, an Ecologist who recently
led a conservation effort to protect Pando, has said…

Comments (100)

  1. What about the Great Barrier Reef?


  3. There's probably fish that cause tsunamis just by moving. Like Lugia

  4. This video could've ended at 3:00 but then the video is not about what is the largest animal but what is the heaviest, because you've got to find some way to pad out the video to 10 minutes, but I all seriousness, since when does weight matter? What I mean is if I take the 1954 Godzilla and size compare it to the Hanna Barbara Godzilla, the 1954 Godzilla isn't bigger just because he weighs 20,000 tons and the Hanna Barbara Godzilla weighs 500 tons, even though the Hanna Barbara Godzilla is almost double the height of the 1954 Godzilla standing at 300 feet while 1954 stands at 164, I know this isn't about Godzilla but I'm just saying, this video is supposed to be about which is the BIGGEST animal, not the heaviest.

  5. i guess all of us has met again

  6. Oh check it out knockoff kurzgesagt!

  7. The largest living organisms are collectives. Like fungi. Pando. Its my guess a massive reptile is the largest animal ever. The great Blue whale is still very close, ever.

  8. Whats the largest thing live on earth?

    The planet Earth

  9. whats the largest living thing in the world?

    Me: “My teachers”

  10. What about the megladon???

  11. I appreciate the metric system in there. Although, the metric system uses full stops as thousand-seperators, rather than commas. It looks weird and still causes confusion. If you're gonna use it, go all the way.
    Also, there's an "organsim" in there. Might wanna fire up the spell checker if you're gonna be pumping out videos even faster in the future.

  12. I’m so disappointed… this would of been the perfect lead up to a “your mum” joke… such a waste.

  13. 0:10 what on earth is it. Or should I say what

  14. Fucked u now blue whales is the largest animal in the world and mosasaurs was found but squl not live

  15. Great narration, great visuals, abysmal choice of distracting stock music pulled from the youtube library. Perhaps a personal thing, but sometimes less is more.

  16. What about the great barrier raeif. It’s all one living organism

  17. 4:11, Here's a science fact, Ichthyosaurs are NOT dinosaurs, not every giant prehistoric reptile is a Dinosaur, and to date about the most marine dinosaurs we know of are penguins.

  18. Skip. If this video was any dumber, you would be watching an actual rock.

  19. Actually the largest living organism by mass and volume is the Humungous Fungus at 3.4 square miles is size, in Oregon

  20. What happened to The COLONEL JAMES

  21. "endgame ripped this off" – Mark Hamil

  22. What about lion's mane jellyfish? And taking thatvdefinition of organism, the Great Coral Barrier must be largger than those examples…

  23. This channel is practically a ripoff of kurtzgesagt

  24. what the fuck is this. i didnt come here for you to tell me the biggest thing to live is a fucking forest

  25. Ark players:

    Am I a fucking joke to you?

  26. Why the fuck isnt the Megalodon in this video?


  28. easy the blue whale

  29. Ur forgetting predator x and megaladon

  30. What happened to colonel James he was spamming here 2 days ago?

  31. God these comments are brainless. Thank you for actually explaining the biggest living thing on earth. I loved the way you explained things. And also, you're not a knock-off kurzgesagt, you have a unique way telling your stories and presenting your own ideas. Thank you.

  32. Aw, score! This is an Aspen, you can tell it's an aspen, because of the way it is!

  33. Trick questions that play on people's concept of living things. Put them in field of baseball and ask what tbe longest thing is and answer the cumalitve stripes of the yankees uniform.

  34. The largest animal is the megalodon

  35. I damn well now it's not my brain

  36. One day millions of years ago there was a massive fungus the size of a country.
    They called it your mum.

  37. The major living animal is the Whale. The woods and the fungus… y don´t agree with the definition of living organism. You can´t cut half a whale, but you can cut half the fungus or half the wood and it will live anyway.

  38. So what if a tree gets sick, could they all be effected?

  39. so……. what did he debunk exactly?

  40. hey well are so cleaver

  41. I'm going with the Blue Whale! IMHO fungus and forests are not in the same league.

  42. Blue whales are the biggest creatures throughout history

  43. What about the megolon

  44. Obviously the biggest animal ever are dragons

  45. Argentinosaurus is 69 tonnes.

  46. That's actually really crazy! because last night I just read an article that said the largest thing to ever live on earth was yo mama

  47. The biggest living organism is grass

  48. Question: which species cause most destruction on earth?

  49. This person clearly never heard of Predator X

  50. The competition is starting to HOT UP

  51. What about the megaladon?

  52. Its because in Jurassic World with genetics they didnt just stick with wild types. They altered genes and their activity to enhance features like size. For example the Mosasaurus in JW is just a genetically enhanced version of the true wildtype to make it look bigger.

  53. I feel like this video was clickbait I came here to learn one simple thing what was the biggest animal on the planet not how far A fungi or some trees has spread ?

  54. it is titanosaurus a bigger dino

  55. And i thought rosie o'Donnell was the largest living thing on earth. Who knew

  56. my ego is much larger

  57. imagine using forbes as a source LOL

  58. What about godzilla earth

  59. I dont believe in dinosaurs. "But there are bones in museums". Oh yeah, I forgot about that. Not one human has ever made a fake bone and put it in the ground and so happen to stumble upon a new bone discovery, na. Never. Its real.

  60. I thought it would be a mososaurus

  61. w….w….w… that message… 13:07 JUST WOW

  62. So is the pando unlimited paper then

  63. But isn't water heavy too? Won't water pressure crush things too?

  64. What about Behemoth in Job ch. 40 in the Bible? (KJV)

  65. Boring ass video loser

  66. This video took too damn long to get to the point I'm going to turn this shit off

  67. Booooooooooooooooooo ??

  68. This guy loves to whisper.

  69. But what about The MEG?

  70. nope its the blue whale

  71. the meg isn't bigger

  72. I know the largest thing on this planet is your mom

  73. This vid has almost 6 million views and the most like comment has 11 likes ?

  74. ACTUALLY the biggest creature was a jelly fish called the man o war

  75. The largest thing on earth is earth duh. ?

  76. Next episode:

    Why debunked is obsessed with cars and planes?

  77. I don’t know what the largest Earth is Earth

  78. Dang thats one thicc… momma?

  79. blaaaa bla bla blaaa

  80. Hyperion tree falls on a random guy
    That kill was sponsored by Hyperion man I love borderlands

  81. the comments make me very sad. knuckle draggers left and right.

  82. I though megalon was the largest animal living orginism that was on earth…..

  83. Pales in comparison to your mom

  84. So are Siamese twins one organism?

  85. Turning a 2 minute video into eternity..

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