Animals With a Surprise!

Here are animals with some interesting surprises! 9 – H2Nah
If global warming has taught us anything, it’s gotta be how unpredictable weather has
become. Long, dry summers, or weirdly timed winters
are becoming a common occurrence. Animals certainly have learned to adapt to
this changing climate. One of them, which stand outs not only for
its peculiar name but for its particular ability, is the kangaroo rat. A common rodent of the western part of North
America, this furry little guy is able to do something that’s quite amazing. It can literally live without water! Of course, this doesn’t mean it doesn’t
or won’t drink water at all, but let’s just say dehydration isn’t a thing to worry about
for them. The kangaroo rat can survive their entire
lifetime without actually drinking water! These amazing little rodents know exactly
how to survive their naturally dry habitats. The areas they inhabit may not see a single
drop of rain for months. This is exactly why they’ve developed a
functional system to live how they live. During harvest season, when plants are reproducing
themselves, they decide to gather all the seeds that they can, so they can live off
of them for an entire year! And this is their secret. It’s because of the seeds that they can
survive. They eat the seeds, and through metabolic
oxidation, the seeds provide the water kangaroo rats needs. They spend the rest of the time secluded in
their comfortable holes conserving energy and eating seeds! 8 – A new Scent
Squirrels look adorable. So adorable, in fact, we may think that they’re
weak, when well, they’re really not. Evolution has made them extremely resilient,
with them developing techniques that have prevented them from being eaten by one of
its main predators: rattlesnakes. Not only are they brave enough to actively
go after rattlesnakes, but they’ve actually also adapted to using a rattlesnake! Squirrels will use a rattlesnake’s skin as
protection! Using your enemy’s scent to mask yours is
definitely a next level skillset! Some squirrels go after their rattlesnakes
just so they they can avoid other rattlesnakes. This is because once they defeat one rattlesnake,
they make sure other rattlesnakes don’t go after them. How does that work? Well, squirrels chew on the snake’s skin and
then lick their own fur intensely to make sure they get the rattlesnake scent. Scientists have confirmed that this makes
them less attractive to other snakes and thus helps them carry on with their adorable lives. What makes it so special is that it is the
first recorded instance in which a prey has been using its predator’s scent as a method
of survival! Who knew squirrels are actually this smart?! 7 – Shape-shifters
Adaptability is key when it comes to survival out in the wild among other animals. And some species know this much better than
others! Frogs are known for their capacity to send
powerful messages with how their bodies look. In some cases, it’s about how venomous they
are but this one frog in particular has taken it to another level. This species of frog is spread out from Central
America all the way to northern Argentina. It not only has the ability to camouflage
itself with its surroundings but it can also change its SHAPE to confuse its predators
or anything that feels like a menace! Researchers who found the species in a jungle
in Ecuador nicknamed it “the punk rock” frog because of its thorns. They took one of the frogs to study and put
it in a cup with a lid. The next day, after they opened the lid they
discovered something amazing. They realized that the frog had become completely
different. The frog didn’t have any more thorns, but
instead had smooth skin, something they were sure they hadn’t seen on the frog before! This is when they realized they had encountered
a rare species. After much study, they noted that the frog
can change its entire appearance in a matter of 3 minutes! Maybe a lot of predators just don’t like
eating thorny animals? 6 – Beast Mode Do you guys know what makes Grasshoppers tick? Scientists have discovered the exact chemical
component that makes grasshoppers turn into wild, unstoppable beasts capable of destroying
any land that comes in their way! That chemical is serotonin. Yes, serotonin, the neurotransmitter that
generates chemical changes in our brains is also the source of this bipolar mood swing
in grasshoppers! Researchers found that it took just two to
three hours for grasshoppers to morph into locusts after they were injected with serotonin. Conversely, if they were given serotonin blockers,
they stayed solitary even in swarm-inducing conditions. All throughout Africa, vast lands of crops
and plantations are devastated each year because of the presence of swarms of locusts that
were previously grasshoppers. Knowing what causes the metamorphosis can
help governments and farmers develop methods to control future locust outbreaks with chemicals
that would suppress serotonin. When grasshoppers go into beast mode, they
don’t just get super social. They also completely change physically, becoming
stronger, darker and much more mobile! These grasshoppers transform into locusts
and just eat everything in sight. If only there was a chemical like this for
us! 5 – Scariest raft ever Unity is the key! And some animals are extremely cooperative. It seems that the smaller the animal, the
smarter they are about using their community as a way of survival. In this particular case, we’re talking about
fire ants. Fire ants are so cooperative, whenever there’s
a flood, fire ants create an island among themselves to protect themselves from the
hazardous water levels! This protective technique is incredibly useful,
since they can stay afloat without drowning for weeks. All you gotta do to see this in action is
drop a clump of 100,000 fire ants in a pond of water. That or flood a huge area and drive fire ants
out of their nests in Texas just like what happened a couple years ago around the Houston
area. What you’d see is nothing less than amazing;
in minutes the clump of thousands of ant will flatten and spread into a circular pancake
that can float for weeks without drowning the ants! According to researchers, fire ants depend
on their senses of smell and touch to live, which is why, whenever in the face of danger,
they decide to gather up and create a mass that resembles a floating raft. This mass, which allows them to create a protective
shield from natural disasters, is not only seen on water – they use it on land, too. During a storm, they can climb on top of each
other –sometimes as tall as 30 ants– and create a shape that will repel water and help
them survive longer! 4 – Bottlenose Bob The wonders of the deep oceans are still marveling
us on a daily basis. From recently discovered species of animals
to traits we never imagined to be possible in animals, there’s so much we still don’t
know. As you may know, dolphins are among some of
the smartest species in the animal kingdom, and there’s plenty of reasons why. Their brains are continually evolving, similar
to humans, and their playfulness indicates a high level of wit and many other things. And, as if dolphins needed to prove they were
any more intelligent, scientists have discovered that their methods of communicating with each
other are so advanced, they even have names for each other! In the case of bottlenose dolphins, researchers
have found that they are among the few species that can actively label objects or other members
of their species. This process of recognition also comes with
distinctive sounds or ‘signature signals’ that come in the form of whistles. These signature whistles are a learned behavior
that uses a specific sound to identify each dolphin. Other mammals use a similar system, but dolphins
are distinguishable in how the frequency modulation of each sound pattern is different. And apparently, this behavior can be learned
by species that coexist with them. Scientists also found that orcas, when sharing
a space with bottlenose dolphins for an extended period, are able to develop the ability of
speaking dolphin language. Well……it’s time for Duolingo to drop
dolphin language in their app! 3 – Pigeon Math Although many people consider them to be some
sort of rats with wings, pigeons have consistently demonstrated to be lovable creatures that
are also smarter than you think. Pigeons have become a signal for peace, at
least when it comes to white pigeons, but researchers have also discovered they’re
able to count, which basically means that they’re able to conduct simple mathematical
tasks, something that had only been seen in monkeys. Researchers placed a specific number of items
in front of pigeons. They wanted to see if they would be able to
learn in a similar manner to monkeys. The pigeons were trained to recognize groups
of one, two or three objects on a screen and peck at them in proper numerical sequence. The pigeons had to identify if the groupings
were the same. For example, if a group of 2 was the same
as a group of 3. You may be saying, hey, plenty of animals
can count! This is true. Many animals have shown the ability to recognize
numerosity, which is distinguishing between two groups of different amount of objects. But taking the next conceptual step, which
is putting three or more groups in sequence from lowest to highest, is well beyond these
animals. What’s more, the pigeons, like the monkeys,
consistently performed better when the difference between the numbers of objects in the two
groups was wider! For example, if one group had two objects
and another group had eight objects. They performed worse when it was narrower,
such as a group with five objects and a group with six objects. This showed that pigeons did better on the
easier questions than on the harder questions, which is pretty much what you can say about
all of us when we learn a new skill. Really, the most amazing thing was that the
birds could learn! 2 – Blown out of proportion Mating rituals vary all throughout the world. From giving roses for humans to a peacock
walking around with a giant colorful tail. But how many of you guys have heard about
the hooded seal inflating their noses to attract a female? Hooded seals, a common mammal of the North
Atlantic, is known for one of the weirdest traits an animal can have: the ability to
blow up an incredibly large balloon inside its nasal cavity! Female hooded seals are attracted by males
that have the most attractive nasal balloons. Hey, whatever floats their boat! Around the age of four, males of the species
start to develop the ability that allows their nasal cavity to inflate. The cavity, which inflates as a large balloon
is inflated when they go underwater. In older males, the pink-colored balloon serves
as an attraction device for whatever female seal they like. In order to get a female’s attention, the
male will often blow up his balloon and start bouncing it around. It’s a good thing hooded seals don’t have
a desk job in an office! The purpose for using their balloons isn’t
only to show off for the lady seals though. They also use it for acoustic signaling. When a seal feels threatened and or when competing
for resources such as food and shelter, it’ll make noises with its nasal cavity. In fact, supposedly these acoustic signals
are used only 12% of the time to attract a female! Who are the researchers getting so precise
with these numbers?! 1 – Dinosaur feet
Dinosaurs might be extinct, but some their relatives have features that make us think
they may actually still be dinosaurs! Such is the case of a very rare species of
non-flying birds called southern cassowaries. These birds are known for their dinosaur-like
feet! Not only are its feet big, but it also has
scaly skin and impressive claws, which certainly reminds many people of dinosaurs from Jurassic
Park! Cassowaries are the type of bird you wouldn’t
want to mess with. They’re super tall, as they’re able to grow
to a height of approximately 7 feet. Because of that height, they heavy as well,
as can weigh well over a hundred pounds. And yes, their claws are quite dangerous,
and are exactly there for what you think: protection. Animals, or people that get in their way,
may find themselves receiving a kick or two from these very aggressive birds. Here’s what’s next!

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